that involves isolating, describing, and structuring data, usually by typological classification, along with chronological, functional, technological, and constituent determinations.
The research involves artifactual and nonartifactual data.
These remains include the fossils (preserved bones) of humans, food remains, the ruins of buildings, and human artifactsitems such as tools, pottery, and jewelry.
From their studies, archaeologists attempt to reconstruct past ways of life.
With its focus on the ancient past, archaeology somewhat resembles paleontologythe study of fossils of long-extinct animals, such as dinosaurs.
However, archaeology is distinct from paleontology and studies only past human life.
The hair and nails fell out; pottery broke without apparent cause, and the birds turned white. "Thirteen nuclear reactors existed in "prehistoric" periods along the 200-metre mine bed at Oklo - it was discovered in 1972, and they were comparable to the modern nuclear reactor in power and heat combustion.
This mine had the capability of enabling self-sustained nuclear chain reactions".
Archaeology studies past human behavior through the examination of material remains of previous human societies.
Archaeologists had tried, in vain, to reattach them to the cave art images.
When that didn't work, Pearce decided to use the fragments to date the rock art.
Archaeology is an important field of anthropology, which is the broad study of human culture and biology.
Archaeologists concentrate their studies on past societies and changes in those societies over extremely long periods of time.