This creates a cohesive and broad view of the state of deception research, while allowing for the varying definitions, foci, and opinions within the field.
Of particular relevance to financial fraud are the sections on: Opening Paragraph: Deception and especially lying are typically ascribed to human beings and often distinguished from other forms of conveying incorrect or misleading information by intentionality.
Participants filled out personality measures in one of four anticipated meeting conditions: face-to-face, email, no meeting, and a control condition with no pretense of dating.
Results indicated that, compared to baseline measures, male participants increased the amount they self-presented when anticipating a future interaction with a prospective date.
In some online arenas misleading information is expected, such as in an online poker game.
In an earlier post, I discussed how people involved in online relationships can develop intense bonds due to the unique ability for the anonymity and control provided by online interactions to enable expression of the “true self”: traits that a person possesses, but does not normally feel comfortable expressing to others.
Research has shown that when we chat online, even briefly, these normally hidden traits become more cognitively accessible to us and we actually do succeed in expressing them to others (Bargh et al., 2002).
Promises about important matters allow users to ‘optimise self presentation’ (in favour of a past or future idealised self) in other areas.
Through this process, Professor Hancock believes individuals negotiate the complex distinction between honesty and deception when constructing static dating profiles designed to be read by those they will meet in the future.